Career Options after UGC NET

career options after ugc net

Career Options after UGC NET

As far as my experience is concerned, most of the UGC NET qualifier choose the following first two options yet there are multiple career options after clearing UGC NET examination. Let’s explore these options which are as follow:

  1. Joining the Job: Once your UGC NET examination is cleared, you are eligible for the post of Assistant Professor throughout the country. For this, you have to apply for the vacancies in colleges or university campuses. When you are shortlisted and you have cleared the interview, you can join the reputed post of Assistant Professor in university college or campus. You can apply for different sort of teaching jobs in colleges or campuses for example: Guest Faculty, Contractual Faculty or Permanent Faculty etc.

  2. Ph.D. or M.Phil : After clearing UGC NET, you can apply for M.Phil or Ph.D. for further research studies. If you have cleared NET with JRF and selected for the JRF post in university college or campus, you will be funded by UGC for the purpose also. If you are teaching as an Assistant Professor in a college or university campus and don’t want the avail the benefits of NET JRF, your Ph.D. will be so helpful your promotion to Assistant Professor post over there.
  3. Taking the Government Project: It is also another career option after UGC NET. You can join the Government project also. For the purpose you have to apply for the desired project and after selection you will be appointed for the particular project for a specific time. You can earn a handsome amount on such type of projects also. Moreover, you will earn a lot of research experience through all these experiences which will be further fruitful to you in your career.
  4. Other Options: As the UGC NET is one of the toughest exams in India, It opens the doors to multiple opportunities. After clearing UGC NET you can become an author, UGC NET expert and trainer or you can join the managerial or HR posts in public sectors such as BHEL, ONGC and IOCL etc.

        Well, all jobs are fine and it depends upon you in which career option after UGC NET you are interest.

       Right Preparation strategies are required to clear the UGC NET examinations. Click here to explore the Tips to Crack NTA UGC NET examination.

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      Best of Luck from Mohd. Rizwan

      Admin Blogger


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Important Definitions – Philosophy, Idealism, Realism, Naturalism and Pragmatism

philosophy of education

Important Definitions – Philosophy, Idealism, Realism, Naturalism and Pragmatism


“Philosophy is a persistent attempt to give insight into the nature of the world and of ourselves by means of systematic reflection.”

——- R.W. Sellars

“Philosophy like other studies, aims primarily at knowledge.”

——–Bertrand Russell


“Idealistic philosophy takes many and varied forms, but the postulate underlying all this is that mind or spirit is the essential world stuff, that the true reality is of a mental character.”

—— J.S. Ross

“Idealists point out that it is mind that is central in understanding the world. To them nothing gives a greater sense of reality than the activity of mind engaged in trying to comprehence its world. For any thing to give a greater sense of reality would be a contradiction in terms because to know any thing more real than mind would itself be a conception of mind.”




“The doctrine of realism asserts that there is a real world of things behind and corresponding to the objects of our perception.”

—–J.S. Ross

“Realism is the reinforcement of our common acceptance of this world as it appears to us.”




“Naturalism is a system whose silent characteristic is the exclusion of whatever is spiritual or indeed whatever is transcendental of experience from our philosophy of nature and man.”


“Naturalism is not science but an assertion about science. More specifically it is the assertion that scientific knowledge is final, leaving no room for extra-scientific or philosophical knowledge.”

——R.B. Perry


“Pragmatism offers us a theory of meaning, a theory of truth of knowledge and a theory of reality.”

——James B. Prett

“Pragmatism is essentially a humanistic philosophy, maintaining that man creates his own values in the course of activity that reality is still in the making and awaits its part of completion from the future, that to an unascertainable extent our truth are man-made products.”

——J.S. Ross

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Definitions of Education

definitions of education

Definitions of Education

Few major definitions of education are as follow:

“Education is the process of training man to fulfill his aim by exercising all the faculties to the fullest extent as a member of society. 

                                                                                                                                                   —– Aristotle

“ By education, I mean the all round drawing out of the best in child and man-body, mind and soul.”

                                                                                                                                                  —– M.K. Gandhi

“ Education is that process of development which consists the passage of human being from infancy to maturity, the process whereby he adapts himself gradually in various ways to his physical and spiritual environment.”

                                                                                                                                                  —– T. Raymont

“ Education is a process in which and by which knowledge, character and behaviour of the young are shaped and moulded.”

                                                                                                                                                  —– Drever

“ Education is a process by which the child makes the internal external.”

                                                                                                                                                 —– Froebel

“ Education is the manifestation of perfection already reached in man.”

                                                                                                                                                 —– Vivekanand

“ Education is a natural, harmonious and progressive development of man’s innate powers.”

                                                                                                                                                 —– Pestalozzi

“ Education is the complete development of individuality of the child, so that he can make his original contribution of human life according to his best capacity.”

                                                                                                                                                  —– T.P. Nunn

“ Education mans the bringing out of the ideas of universal validity which are latent in the mind of every man.”

                                                                                                                                                  —– Socrates

“ Education means to enable the child to find out ultimate truth…making truth its own and giving expression to it.”

                                                                                                                                                  —– R.N. Tagore

“In the broadest sense, education is the device by which a social group continued existence renew yourself, and defend his ideas.”

                                                                                                                                                  —– H.H Horne

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Digital Initiatives in Higher Education

digital initiatives in higher education

Digital Initiatives in Higher Education

The following major digital initiatives have been taken by Ministry of Human Resource and Development, Government of India.

We must learn about all these digital initiatives in higher education as we all can learn a lot specially when we are at home to cope with coronavirus during the lockdown period . Please stay at home and be safe. Let’s have a look on digital initiatives in higher education. These are as follow:

  1. SWAYAM (Study Webs of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds) : It is a native IT course software platform which provides high quality education available for anyone and anywhere. You can visit the portal from this link
  2. SWAYAM Prabha: It includes 32 Educational DTH Channels which provide study material for different streams students such as Arts, Science and Commerce etc. Such type of study materials are useful for both regular students and for the lifelong learners also. You can visit for virtual labs from this link
  3. National Digital Library (NDL): This is also a very ambitious digital initiatives in higher education. Presently more than 80 lakh e-books are available through this portal to each and everyone free of cost. This service can be accessed through the android app also. Presently more than 20 lakh students are registered in this particular platform. You can visit for virtual labs from this link
  4. National Academic Depository (NAD): Through this particular initiative every citizen can access to digital certificates and awards issued by academic institutions. A number of academicians are associated with this depository as it provides free storage, access and recognition to them. You can visit for virtual labs from this link
  5. e-Shodh Sindhu: This platform provides more than 15000 journals of national and international levels to the higher education institutions. This facility is run through INFLIBNET program. We can learn a lot through this specific program also. You can visit for virtual labs from this link
  6. e-Yantra: This particular initiative is very specific to the incorporation of robotics into engineering education and it is based on computer science, mathematics and engineering concepts. All the content is available to everyone free of cost. You can visit for virtual labs from this link
  7. e-Kalpa: More than 160 online courses related to art and design learning are covered through e-Kapla, another digital initiative of higher education. You can visit for virtual labs from this link
  8. The Free and Open Source Software for Education (FOSSEE): This initiative is for the promotion of open source software in educational institutions. Different sort of seminars, conferences, documentations and other programs are conducted for the purpose. You can visit for virtual labs from this link
  9. e-Vidwan: Another digital initiative in higher education is e-Vidwan which is run under The ‘Information and Library Network’ (INFLIBNET) and there is huge data of academicians and research scientists who belong to research organizations. You can visit for virtual labs from this link
  10. Virtual Labs: This initiative encourages the remote access to the labs of science and engineering. The students can learn a lot through remote experimentation. From this particular platform the students can learn about different tools and equipments also. You can visit for virtual labs from this link

Prepared By

Mohd. Rizwan 

Admin Blogger

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Five things to remember for UGC NET preparation

ugc net book

Five things to remember for UGC NET preparation

As you know UGC NET is one of the most toughest examinations in India and even a single question matters to qualify this examination. In my point of view you must remember five things when you are doing preparation for UGC NET examination.

  1. Choose Authentic Books Only:- I have selected this advice for first rank as I think it is the most important for the aspirants. Not a single book can cover the entire wide syllabus for UGC NET so you must buy unit wise books for the UGC NET examination preparation. Once you have prepared well unit wise then you may revise all syllabus with a single book which has only multi choice questions. For the purpose, you may have a look for those selected books over this link.
  2. Do Note Making:- While you are preparing from authentic books only, you must take notes also. You should believe, this particular practice will raise your success ratio in this one of the toughest examinations in India. These specific notes have direct impact on your weakness and strength and these are essential for revision purpose also.
  3. Join Study Groups:- You must the importance of study groups as you the group member can share valuable study materials, relevant updates and much more on these particular groups. When the aspirants are regular share important study materials and that all, they get positive results out of these activities. You can join some important groups over here.
  4. Do Revision systematically:- Once all the units are prepared well, you must revise the units separately not together. As the time management is essential in revision also, you must allocate it well. I have provided some important revision notes in this particular link, you must do it according to your weakness and strength.
  5. Practice with Mock Tests:- In my point of view, the aspirants should practice with mock tests. This practice will enhance the confidence and thinking abilities of the aspirants. Moreover, the aspirant will be able to know where they are lacking in preparation or revision also. For this purpose I have prepared some FREE MOCK TESTS on my blog, you can visit into this link. I hope through these free mock test, the aspirant will get sure benefits.

Best of luck.

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Discussion Method of Teaching

group discussion
Discussion Method of Teaching

Discussion method is one of the most popular teaching methods. Discuss word is taken from the latin word ‘discutere’ which meaning is to shake something. In this way through discussion we reach to some conclusion by shaking, talking and sharing ideas about a pre-decided topic among the participants.

The students sitting in U-shape or in circle shape share their ideas while the teacher evaluates them and by doing so they learn better than the lecture method, seminar method or conference method. Discussion method enhances the critical thinking, confidence, team work, language skills, leadership skills and participation skills etc. in the students.

There are different types of discussion method such as Panel Discussion, Formal Discussion, Informal Discussion, Individual Discussion and Parliamentary Discussion.

However discussion method is time consuming and all the topics cannot be taught through discussion method.

The teacher is the facilitator in discussion method so he must plan all the things before starting the discussion among students, establish the rules of discussion and he must motivate the students for taking the initiatives in the discussion.

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Role Play Method

role play method

Role Play Method

“Role Playing is the changing of one’s behaviour to fulfill a social role.”
——- Oxford English Dictionary

The famous philosopher John Dewey suggested that students learn easily through learning-by-doing. Role play method of teaching is one of the most popular methods of teaching as it provides new realistic experiences to the group of students through acting and observation according to managed situation. It is based on socio-psycho drama. The students try to act like they are the real characters so that the required lessons can be taught to them and other students also.

Students’ active participation is required to make the role play successful so a teacher should make his or her students understand and aware about the situation as role playing method of teaching is not effective if the students do not understand about it.

Role playing is an important method of teaching to develop and to enhance the abilities of thinking, adjustment, communication skills, observation skills, problem solving and creativity. Role playing enables students to cope up with unseen problems and difficulties in their lives.

Successful role play should be brief and the evaluation should be done immediately. Moreover, the role play method should be applied under the supervision of an expert counselor. When the role play is over, an appropriate discussion should be there to know what the students have learnt through role play method.

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Difference among Conference, Workshop, Seminar and Symposium

seminar and conference

Difference among Conference, Workshop, Seminar and Symposium

Few terms are commonly asked in UGC NET examination so a UGC NET aspirant must know about the difference among Conference, Workshop, Seminar and Symposium. All these are conducted to develop the higher cognitive abilities. Let’s know about all these as follow:

Conference:- A conference is a formal event in which a number of researchers, teachers, organizations delegates and academics gather to discuss and present their works on a specific topic. Specific information only a particular topic is discussed and shared among the participants in conference. Conferences are conducted for longer period usually.

Workshop:-  Workshops are organised to enhance the psychomotor aspects of the participants in a shorter group. Mostly workshops are conducted in a smaller group of participants to learn and to enhance the specific skills. Workshops are more organised in comparison of seminars as specific resource persons and more interested participants are gathered in workshop to learn the skills in a college department or university campus.

Seminar:- A seminar is conducted in a college or university campus to present the work and thought on given theme or sub-theme. As seminar is comparatively less organised in comparison of a conference, the participants are more free to present their short researcher work in seminars through sub-themes but these should be relevant to the main theme also. Moreover, seminars are conducted for shorter period often in comparison of conference.

Symposium:- Symposium is a very popular method of teaching and learning in higher classes for a specific topic. Generally, it is conducted in shorter group of participant in college department of university campus. Through the symposium method of learning and teaching, the participants come to the conclusion after discussing and sharing their opinion on a specific topic. We can say it ‘Intellectual-entertainment’ also. Adjustment level, self-learning habits, cooperation and speaking capabilities are encouraged through symposium method of teaching and learning.

Conference, Workshop, Seminar and Symposium are held on different levels, such as regional, national and international levels also.

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Lecture Method of Teaching

lecture method

Lecture Method of Teaching

There are different sort of lecture methods. Lecture method of teaching is one of the most popular teaching methods. A teacher teaches his students through lecture in which he explains the facts and principles to the students for the clarification the concepts in the class.

Lecture word is derived from the Latin word ‘lactare’ which means to read loudly. In lecture method a teacher talks about the subject related relevant facts and the students listen these facts and make notes later on.

Advantages:  More specific information and concepts can be taught to a number of students in less time and with less cost through lecture method. Lecture method improves listening skills and creative skills of students. An effective teacher can make his or her lecture method highly fruitful through putting different relevant examples, using audio-visual aids, maintain eye contact and with strong vocabulary skills.

Disadvantages: As we know individual differences play an important role in teaching and learning process, teaching through lecture method does not fulfill the requirement of special need students. Moreover, lecture method consumes more time in comparison of other methods of teaching. The students are only passive listeners in lecture method of teaching.

Finally we can say here that lecture method is more useful for the students of higher education.



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Methods of Teaching

methods of teaching

Methods of Teaching

“The method of teaching is which approaches most likely to the method of investigation.”

                                        ——– Burke

Teaching methods are also called the methods of instruction. Teaching methods are the direction and the guidance for learning. Some teaching methods are teacher-centered while some teaching methods are student-centered. Different sort of teaching methods are written down as follow:

  1. Lecture method
  2. Demonstration Method
  3. Lecture-Cum- Demonstration Method
  4. Group Discussion Method
  5. Question Answer Method
  6. Computer Assisted Method
  7. Laboratory Method
  8. Programmed Instruction
  9. Field Trip Method
  10. Symposium Method
  11. Problem Solving Method
  12. Team Teaching Method
  13. Seminar Method
  14. Workshop Method
  15. Panel Discussion Method
  16. Role Playing Method
  17. Project Method
  18. Micro Teaching Method
  19. Simulated Teaching Method
  20. Tutorial Method
  21. Conference Method


In next posts each teaching method will be explained separately.

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