There are several types of research methods, including:
- Quantitative research: This type of research involves collecting and analyzing numerical data. Quantitative research methods often involve surveys, experiments, and statistical analysis.
- Qualitative research: This type of research involves collecting and analyzing non-numerical data, such as text, images, or videos. Qualitative research methods often involve interviews, focus groups, and observation.
- Mixed methods research: This type of research combines both quantitative and qualitative research methods to gather and analyze data. Mixed methods research can be particularly useful for addressing complex research questions that require a multi-dimensional approach.
- Action research: This type of research is focused on solving practical problems and improving professional practice. Action research often involves collaboration between researchers and practitioners, and is often used in fields such as education, healthcare, and social work.
- Case study research: This type of research involves in-depth exploration of a specific case or situation. Case study research is often used in fields such as psychology, sociology, and business.
- Experimental research: This type of research involves manipulating one or more variables to observe the effect on a dependent variable. Experimental research is often used in fields such as psychology, medicine, and engineering.
- Observational research: This type of research involves observing and recording the behavior of individuals or groups. Observational research can be conducted in natural settings, such as classrooms or workplaces, or in laboratory settings.
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Read the book for different research methods
Research in Education by John W. Best and James V. Kahn